Chiosis in theNorth Aegean, it has a span of 842 km2(325mi2) and 51.936 inhabitants in 2001. The island is famous for its mastic produce, which takes place in the south. Some of these southern villages areMesta,Pyrgi,Kalamoti,VessaandElata, also known as Matsichochoria, and they have controlled the mastic gum production since the Roman period. In the central part of the island is the village ofVrontadoswith its unique local ‘rocket fights’ during Easter,Karfaswith its sandy beaches andKamboswith its medieval mansions. On the northern part of the island is the town ofVolissos, reputedly the birthplace of the epic poet Homer.Kardamylais on the eastern side and one of the largest towns of the island. In the interior of the island isNea Moni, an 11th century monastery with marvelous mosaics that have survived from fire and earthquakes in the 1800.
Ports of Chios
The island has one ferry port (and several smaller local ports - see map):
Chios port, which is situated on the eastern side of the island.
There are busses regularly that connect the port with the rest of the island.